Daoism has also exerted great influence over Asian and world cultures and worldviews through the centuries. The Religion of China: Confucianism and Taoism is a book written by Max Weber, a German economist and sociologist.It was first published in German under the title Konfuzianismus und Taoismus in 1915 and an adapted version appeared in 1920. One of Confucius Confucianism emerged to dominate the other schools that had developed in the fertile social upheavals of pre-imperial China such as Daoism (), Mohism, and Legalism, all of which had criticised Confucianism (c. 400–c. Taoism. Finally, this project is an example of the way that an argument-centered approach has the agility to incorporate varied curricular resources — in this instance, some SHEG (Stanford History Education Group) document excerpts and background information. Contact: ggcoe83@gmail.com. h�b```f``ra`e`��ab@ !�(� G�a��I�N3d��w(Xİj挕 ʙf�]��PaiN�BIV��'4��ps�����m�����{'�4M[��%���DC�U��@ ��zl"�b1��0200��[`pA|�#�F�sn �O8L���!���� Write. Conversely, the Buddhists on their part firmly have the objective to achieve the perfect state of nirvana and pursue the four noble truths (Huston, 1991; Smart, 2000). Confucian political theory stresses the importance of justice and … They all had a different way of teaching but all of them wanted to end the conflicts in China. Another student should be chosen at random to paraphrase the quotation. The post below includes resources which focus on the way that arguments can be made about the desirability of certain systems of thought and the values they inscript. 200 B.C.). Confucianism emerged to dominate other schools that were growing in the fertile social upheavals of pre-imperial China Daoism (Taoism), Mohism, and Legalism all attacked Confucianism. Daoism and Confucianism, as the two indigenous spiritual and philosophical traditions of China, are at the very core of the recovery of a specifically Chinese perspective on protecting our planet. Assign students reading on these ancient Chinese philosophies from the textbook, if one is being used. as the religion of the Tang dynasty. Confucianism, Taoism, and Shintoism are considered as East Asian religions. Daoism likely established monasteries and temples. • Main principle is ren, which describes that people should behave in a loving, selfless, and moral way. Daoism - Daoism - Daoism and other religions: Confucianism is concerned with human society and the social responsibilities of its members; Daoism emphasizes nature and what is natural and spontaneous in the human experience. Students should be paired with a partner. Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism, and Buddhism | Sutori Buddhism was … Generally, we would recommend that these pairings be heterogeneous, serving differentiation goals, though the best pairing strategy is usually made based on a closer, more specific understanding of students and their propensity to work productively with certain classmates more than with others. Log in Sign up. Ғ��PJ7��(���X��t�/_�;�OƳ�_�.�E�Ly:�MN�ӹ'49O_�g�#t�Y2�����a�'�_O��[͞�l��T�J��m�N����r�=̖SiRx6��l�λ�骞�v���-��=���x�신6�%�ַ��]�nq�8,.�ڒ� ��0w*W�Xܿn.�{�l;���Mm-����V���k�z��Ikؿ ��,9�9-�'i���!� ����� Mp�bVG:�X�ៗ���I���|6I��ٷ����/aS���OQH6�pW����}��T�#B�ઈxU3�,�����g����E�XA����%$*��ŕ�ք���\�-i�u]K�f��cQ {�N6^AXjK[�����GU��q!z,D��]�i���b���F�����������j�΋Mw>~�5!��a��؆����Y�5��R �0��p,��Z�!լ��ë�A�h��hxC�Ю�>�ͦ�XN�-��Fx�(�ƫ� ,kݦ��W�'l�����P�� : �� 9�* x�8g"�l��`��|ԯ(�k��;d0� "Those who know do not say; those who say do not Chinese philosopher Confucius (551 – 479 BCE), as part of the larger Hundred Schools of Thought, laid down the tenets of his worldview in the Analects. (1) The counter-argument can say that its side’s philosophy also has and shares the same belief in the claim. The differences in all of these philosophies is what makes them unique, they are, in my opinion, way beyond their own time period. The two great indigenous philosophical and religious traditions of China, Daoism and Confucianism, originated about the same time (6th–5th century BCE) in what are now the neighboring eastern Chinese provinces of Henan and Shandong, respectively. Pairs should submit their work for formative assessment. Despite the different distinctive features in each of the philosophies, the two complemented each other and it was believed that for one to be considered complete: he/she had to measure up to the two philosophies. By which ancient Chinese philosophy should people today be more influenced, Confucianism or Daoism? Flashcards. He was a humanist and believed/taught that man was at the highest level. Match. American society is far too violent today, and we would be much better off if weapons were shunned instead of purchased (legally or not) and used to commit violent acts. Both began as philosophies, each later taking on religious overtones. Similar to Confucianism, Laozi taught Daoism, and the main concept of Daoism was that “the only human actions that ultimately make sense are those which are in accord with the flow of Nature – the Tao.” Daoists attempted to solve the problem by proclaiming that violence and the idea of violence itself defied the Way of Nature, implying it was not allowed in Daoism. It espouses the principles of etiquette, humaneness, and righteousness, and upholds loyalty, forgiveness, and the doctrine of the mean. 43 0 obj <> endobj 66 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<17EBD5A80062442589F10C471E9E7151>]/Index[43 44]/Info 42 0 R/Length 115/Prev 211798/Root 44 0 R/Size 87/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Daoism likely established monasteries and temples Through the influence of buddhism Daoism developed a pantheon of hundreds of deities, the most important being The Three purities Confucianism has been especially 551-479 This project incorporates material from the Stanford History Education Group (SHEG) project on this topic. Pairs should be grouped with pairs taking the other position. Confucianism. Confucianism rests on the belief that human beings are good, teachable, and perfect. We worked recently with a partner school’s Global Studies course and their Ancient China unit. Anyone who follows the Way shuns them” [Tao Te Ching chapter 31]. Confucianism and Taoism are both ancient Chinese styles of living. • Principles of li and yi dictate actions. Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism all have their own outlook on the fundamental ideas, general objectives, individual aims, perspective about life in general, codes of conduct, perception of the society where they belong and certainly their influence on the Chinese culture and tradition. Lao-tzu, translated as either "Old Master" or "Old Boy," is believed to be the author of Taoism. The two traditions, “within society” and “beyond society,” balance and complement each other. 551-479 B.C.E. Taoism (Pronounced "daoism") Founder Lao-tzu (604-517 BC) Known as the "Old Master." In Confucianism everyone had a rule that they had to follow. When all the Confucianism quotations have been read, students should identify their most favorite and least favorite in a quick-write, a few of which can be shared out. Introduce Confucianism and Daoism – their historical contexts, their main tenets, and their influence. Saddened by society's lack of goodness, Lao-tzu decided to leave his home in … (c. 400–c. Though Buddhism continues to be the main religion of China, Confucianism and Taoism are two dominating philosophies in China that are very old, and continuing to be in existence since around 550 BCE . Rather, they are arguing that their philosophy should influence the way people today live, and it should so do because of the values that it espouses and beliefs that it teaches. Daoism is generally attributed to the thinking of Lao Tzu, a Chinese philosopher of the late fifth century BCE. Confucianism is represented by Confucius (founder, 551-479 B.C. Grades: 7 th, 8 th, 9 th, 10 th, 11 th, 12 th, Homeschool. Three features of ideal government in Document A 1. ), Mencius, and Xunzi. How Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism shaped Chinese Culture Article By Julian Scott. This consistency will scaffold argument building on this issue for students who are not more advanced in their academic argumentation skills. Very little is known of his life; he may not even have existed. Confucianism is the first important philosophy from the Warring States Period. We need mo…. Start studying Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism. Confucianism vs Taoism The main difference between Confucianism and Taoism is in the focus of each philosophy as Confucianism focuses on the society while Taoism focuses on the nature. Present the Stanford History Education Group (SHEG) slides. Let us begin with the two religions from China first: Taoism and Confucianism. Students (in fours, two pairs of two) are ready now for an argument-based small group discussion. Through the influence of buddhism. ). Daoism - Daoism - Religious goals of the individual: The Confucian sage (sheng) is viewed as a ruler of antiquity or a great sage who taught humanity how to return to the rites of antiquity. Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism each have their own box and one question related to each of the philosophies (philosophy/religion for Daoism). Do the same for the Daoism quotations. • Confucianism and Daoism [Stanford History Education Group/SHEG] In the 5th century BCE, China was thrown into a period of intense warfare among rival states. They basically teach fillial piety and righteousness as key values that we should possess. Explain that students do not to take the position that people should convert to one of these philosophies or religions, but that one or the other should be more influential. These different “thought processes” are considered, in different ways, a big influence on different cultures. Basically, these three religions underscore living in harmony with nature and fellow humans. The conflict created a need for new political models to solve the crisis. Confucianism Daoism (Taoism) • Founded by Confucius in 6th-5th century BCE. Both traditions have permeated Chinese culture for some 2,500 years. Website design by, Classroom-Embedded Implementation Coaching, Dismantling Racially-Motivated Arguments for Exclusion, ACCIS-ing Chess in a Critical Thinking Rich Classroom, Exercising Response and Refutation in Interpreting ‘Interpretater of Maladies’, AWE-some Reasoning Through Interpretive Arguments on ‘Caramelo’, Dartmouth Institute for Writing and Rhetoric, International Debate Education Association, Published today in the Chicago Tribune on the electoral debate debacle and what it says about education. Confucianism has been especially concerned about relationships. 289 B.C.) The mass killings in Las Vegas is only the most recent example of this country’s love of guns and tolerance of violence. STANFORD HISTORY EDUCATION GROUP sheg.stanford.edu Document C (Modified) Chien Wu went to see Chief Yu. Only $2.99/month. Confucianism Daoism (Taoism) • Founded by Confucius in 6th-5th century BCE. 0:00 Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism and the Hundred Schools of Thought 1:51 Confucianism 4:27 Daoism 7:36 Legalism 9:08 Conclusion If … He also Confucianism and Taoism are two of the world’s major philosophies which have been given by Chinese society. There are no clear boundaries between these intertwined religious systems, which do not claim to be exclusive, and elements of each enrich popular … The main difference between Confucianism and Taoism is in the focus of each philosophy as Confucianism focuses on the society while Taoism focuses on the nature. Geographical distribution and predominance (Majority or strong influence) Mainly in Thailand, Cambodia, Sri lanka, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet, Japan, Myanmar (Burma), Laos, Vietnam, China, Mongolia, Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong and Taiwan. PLAY. Students should write a detailed summary of their discussion, which includes an evaluation of who made the strongest arguments and why, as a summative assessment. Pairs should build their arguments. The weight here is – as with many arguments – on the student’s reasoning, which has to both connect the evidence and the claim, and explain why the belief identified in the claim is one that everyone today should embrace. Confucianism, Taoism, and Legalism are the three pillars of Chinese philosophy, and have influenced all thinking and actions in China since their inception. Joseph Lok-Man Lee, Noel Yee-Man Siu, Tracy Jun-Feng Zhang, Face, fate and brand equity: service recovery justice and satisfaction, Journal of Consumer Marketing, 10.1108/JCM-01-2019-3037, … There is no evil without some good, no beauty without some ugliness, no life without death. Daoism developed a pantheon of hundreds of deities, the most important being. That is, all of them have their palpable impact in the region called East Asia (China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau). To experience God, man had to look within himself and nature. Two of the most influential of these philosophies were Confucianism and Daoism. Distribute counter-argument builders, one per student. By the 12th century, Confucianism had evolved into a rigid philosophy that calls for preserving If possible, collect the counter-argument builders and offer feedback on these, for revision. via GIPHY. Taoism became well-known in the eighth century C.E. o Li describes the actions that are right because of the needs of society. He was a humanist and believed/taught that man was at the Daoism is known to be created by the legendary Lao Zi. The two traditions, “within society” and “beyond society,” balance and complement each other. 200 B.C. (3) With the quotations, the following activity should be used. Assign students reading on these ancient Chinese philosophies from the textbook, if one is being used. They are abhorred by all creatures. Confucianism emerged to dominate other schools that were growing in the fertile social upheavals of pre-imperial China Daoism (Taoism), Mohism, and Legalism all attacked Confucianism. Certain common assumptions are to be found in each, and distinguish both from Western ways of thinking. Pairs should exchange their finished argument builders, so that they can read them before building their counter-arguments. Daoism arose at a similar time to Feb 3, 2018 - In the 5th century BCE, China was thrown into a period of intense warfare among rival states. Make sure you use complete sentences! These discussions – taking place simultaneously – should last about 25 minutes. 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Later joined by Buddhism, on the teachings of Siddhārtha Gautama a ethical, philosophical, and moral way around! Models to solve the crisis response to each other ’ s philosophy also has and the... Religion from ancient India, dating back to the development of many new.! Became the orthodox ideology in feudal China and, in different ways of thinking, Shintoism. Legalism as a governing system wanted to end the conflicts in China around 550 B.C are both of...