Viburnum is the Latin name for the wayfaring tree and Prunifolium means having leaves like a plum. Germination can be slow, sometimes taking more than 18 months. Individual flowers at 5 petaled and 1/4 inch across with long yellowish stamens. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. Viburnum prunifolium (Black Haw) Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic Common throughout the Mid-Atlantic (except the northern half of Pennsylvania), this elegant shrub grows mainly in thickets and woods. Description. The common name for Viburnum prunifolium is blackhaw or blackhaw viburnum. All Rights Reserved. How to Start a Cutting From Viburnum Shrubs. Very ornamental, Viburnum prunifolium (Blackhaw) is a large, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub or small tree noted for its eye-catching flower clusters, colorful berries and attractive fall color. Viburnums are well-behaved me… With a sharp knife, make a 2-inch lengthwise cut along the underside of the stem. Viburnums set fruit better with more than one shrub for pollination. Blackhaw Viburnum is a very dense shrub that is ideal as a wildlife refuge, as a non-thorny barrier hedge, or in a naturalized group planting. If your cuttings have not rooted after 5 weeks, pull the cutting out of the soil, rearrange, and try again. Her articles can be found on eHow.com and GardenGuides.com. If roots have grabbed hold of the soil, use a clean trowel to dig around perimeter of newly forming root ball. No matter how these plants are started, growers can be satisfied by seeing their efforts produce blooms and beautiful foliage in just a few years. Start the layering process in the spring, when the plant is supple with new growth. I find it makes a great small, single-stem tree. Unlike other Viburnum species in my yard, V. prunifolium is largely left untouched by deer. Smooth Blackhaw, Blackhaw Viburnum, Plum Leaf Viburnum, Stagberry Photo by Cure Nursery Smooth Blackhaw, native to much of mid-latitude Eastern and central U.S., is a large deciduous shrub or small tree which usually grows to around 15 feet tall and wide, but if grown as a single-stemmed tree form, it can reach up to 30 feet. Display from September to October. Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored. Remove the lower set of leaves, creating a scar area. Viburnum prunifolium (known as blackhaw or black haw, blackhaw viburnum, sweet haw, and stag bush) is a species of Viburnum native to eastern North America, from Connecticut west to eastern Kansas, and south to Alabama and Texas. Always use garden tools, especially knives, in a safe manner. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Viburnum seeds can take up to 18 months to germinate. Viburnum (Viburnum spp.) The delightful viburnum, at home in many gardens, can defy definition with a myriad of variations from species to species. Start the seeds by warm stratifying (mimicking a warm, summer environment) for 2 months. Smooth Black-haw (Viburnum prunifolium), a Wisconsin Special Concern plant, is found in rich, hardwood forests, often with dolomite near the surface.Blooming occurs late May through late June; fruiting occurs early July through early September. Next, cold stratify (mimicking the winter environment) by placing the sealed bag in a refrigerator for 3 months, opening the bag once a week to exchange air. The shrub may sometimes clone itself through suckers that will need to be detached to keep it under control. Viburnum prunifolium; Foliage Conservation status. It is adaptable to soil types and pHs. Species of viburnum can range from fruiting to flowering, trees to shrubs, with serrated leaves to lobbed leaves, and can have any variety of bud formations. In NC it occurs mostly in piedmont and coastal plain counties. The “haw” is a nod to the way that Viburnum prunifolium resembles hawthorn. Viburnum Propagation Propagating viburnum by seed is a long process as they take up to 18 months to germinate. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a. The delightful viburnum, at home in many gardens, can defy definition with a myriad of variations from species to species. Rusty Blackhaw is one of our Southern woodland viburnums whose range is central and southeastern U.S. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame o… AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MI , MO , MS , NC , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WI , WV. Always use clean gardening tools. Its distinctive bronze-green foliage on reddish purple stems turns blue-black in the fall. Layering is the simplest of all methods to propagate viburnum. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Select a low-lying young branch and bend it to the ground. It provides 3 seasons of interest and is a high-value wildlife plant. 4-5 inch clusters of small white fragrant flowers appear in the spring. Purpose. Other traits are as per the species. Here are a few facts you should know about black haw viburnum. Please contact Dylan Levy-Boyd with questions and interest in contract growing at dylan@fourthcornernurseries.com. Collect the fruits as soon as they ripened and get a dark blue-black color and dry them (with pulp) at a cool place. Place a glass jar or plastic bag over the cuttings to prevent loss of moisture. The young leaves are tinged red, and the fall foliage is deep red. includes more than 150 species, including deciduous, evergreen and semi-evergreen species. Propagating viburnum, however, isn’t nearly as difficult as attempting to define this beautiful, decorative plant. The ovate glossy leaves are 3-4 inches long and 1 inch across with fine serrations and a pointed tip. It will grow in deep shade but will rarely bloom. Their flowers range from sweetly fragrant to unpleasantly scented and are primarily creamy white, but can vary from white to pink. Takes 15 months. The term black derives from the color of the oldest bark on the tree. For this reason, most people propagate the plants by means of layering or softwood cuttings. Can form thickets Flowers on old wood, prune after floweringTolerant of black walnut toxicity and aerial salt spray Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Fire in the landscape. If the seed is harvested 'green' (when it has fully developed but before it has fully ripened) and sown immediately in a cold frame, it should germinate in the spring. Pat Williams Location: Waukesha, WI This is one of my favorite viburnums. Cut a segment about 4 to 6 inches, using a sharp knife. It can be used as a small tree or as a shrub. Keep planting medium well watered and drained. Viburnum Species: prunifolium Family: Viburnaceae Uses (Ethnobotany): This plant has been used for medicinal purposed by Native Americans. A close kin to these two natives is blackhaw viburnum (V. prunifolium). UNA Viburnum prunifolium L. UNA00053557: Perry: 30 Sep 1969: Joab L. Thomas 2456: UNA Viburnum prunifolium L. TROY000017570: Lowndes: 24 Mar 2002: Alvin R. Diamond 12980: TROY Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus In 6 to 8 weeks, once roots have formed, remove the protective covering and let sit for 2 days, then transfer to pots filled with potting soil. This nicked area will be the site of new root formation. Growing viburnum by seeds is an involved and lengthy process. Life Cycle: Perennial Woody Recommended Propagation Strategy: Seed Stem Cutting Country Or Region Of Origin: Eastern North America Distribution: Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Viburnums: Native Shrubs for the Home Landscape, Propagation of Shrubs from Softwood Cuttings. Blackhaw prefers partial sun to partial shade and moist to dry well-drained soils. Cut the branch, leaving 12 inches of stem extending past the new root formation. Start the seeds by warm stratifying (mimicking a warm, summer environment) for 2 months. It is a host plant for Spring/Summer Azure butterflies. Stored seed will require 2 months warm then 3 months cold stratification and can still take 18 months to germinate. Previously viburnums were included in the plant family Caprifoliaceae; however, recently they have been moved into the family Adoxaceae, along with elderberries (Sambucusspecies). Title ... A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants., 113. A Missouri native plant which commonly occurs in moist woods, thickets and on streambanks … form a strategic partnership called N.C. Propagation Methods: From softwood cuttings. Viburnums range in height from 2 feet to 30 feet. In 6 to 8 weeks, roots will have formed. While it prefers dry feet, it’s adaptable to many soil types, and to sunny and shady sites. Abies grandis Abronia latifolia Acer circinatum Acer circinatum Acer glabrum v. douglasii Acer glabrum … Viburnum respond well to propagating by means of softwood cuttings. Bloom times span early spring through June and are followed by attractive fruit and outstanding fall foliage. Landscape use … Native to eastern and central North America, where it is found from Connecticut to eastern Kansas to Texas and Alabama in the south of the United States, viburnum prunifolium is a flowering plant species with several common names. Press the cut area into the ground and hold it in place with a stone heavy enough to keep the branch bent. Adaptable to most sites, wet, dry, sun or shade. Remove the lower set of leaves, creating a scar area. Plant in seeding trays in a cold frame, or covered outdoors. Cut the branch, leaving 12 inches of stem extending past the new root formation. She holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in history from University of California, Davis and is a published author of six pseudonymous novels. Blackhaw is a large suckering native shrub or small tree that may grow 20 feet tall and nearly as wide. Plant in the garden after 2 to 3 weeks. This is a great shrub for naturalized areas or can be used as a hedge or specimen. Black haw viburnum is one species native to the eastern United States and can be grown as far south as Alabama and Texas. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Viburnum prunifolium is an erect, deciduous shrub or small tree with an irregular crown; it can grow up to 9 metres tall[11. Stephens (1973, p. 282) offers these characteristics to separate them: in summer V. rufidulum has red-rufescent tomentum (red tinged pubescence) on the petioles, broadly winged petioles and leathery leaf blades whereas V. prunifolium lack these characteristics. Black haw viburnum, scientific name viburnum prunifolium, is a hardy plant that can reach 15-feet high. This scar area will be where the new roots form. The fall color (bright red fading to deep burgundy) is spectacular when grown in full sun. Insert the base of the stem past the scar area into perlite or sand. Propagation. We’re always interested in trying new species or bringing back old favorites. Transplant to garden at the end of summer. Transfer seedlings to individual pots filled with potting soil, then plant in late spring. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Layering is the simplest of all methods to propagate viburnum. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Title The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. N.C. Next, cold stratify (mimicking the winter environment) by placing the sealed bag in a refrigerator for 3 months, opening the bag once a week to exchange air. Resistant to heat and drought. Pruning. It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen from July to September. wide (11 cm), are elegantly held above the foliage. Blackhaw grows to 12 to 15 feet high and 8 to12 feet wide. Summary They turn red to purple in the fall. They should root in early spring - pot them up when large enough to handle and plant them out in the summer if sufficient new growth is made, otherwise keep them in a cold frame for the next winter and then plant them out in the spring. Its twig form provides shelter to wildlife. The individual florets grow in clusters usually found at the ends … 1/3 inch oval fruits are a mixture of green, yellow, and red-pink that transition to blue-black at maturity and are attractive to wildlife (especially birds). Rich of nectar, they are loved by butterflies, bees and other pollinators. N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed Seed Collecting: Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing. In spring, masses of flat-topped creamy-white flower clusters, 4.5 in. Life history Species overview. Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe. To warm stratify, place seeds in wet sand in a sealed plastic bag and keep at 76 to 86 degrees. Cut the branch, leaving 12 inches of stem extending past the new root formation. May be confused with Viburnum rufidulum [Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum]. As a shrub, it typically grows 12-15' tall with a spread of 6-12', but as a tree may reach a height of 30'. This plant has been used for medicinal purposed by Native Americans. Richard Jauron, with Iowa State University’s Department of Horticulture, suggests taking softwood cuttings in late May or early June. Viburnum rufidulum NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. The plant is self-fertile. The bark is brown-gray and smooth in youth, but rough with flat-topped plates and gray-black with age, Twigs are smooth, gray, and relatively thin. Fruits can be eaten raw or used in jams and preserves. Viburnum prunifolium, commonly called black haw, is usually grown as a large, upright, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub with an irregular crown, but it also may be grown as a small, single trunk tree. by seed ; Cultivars/Varieties 'Early Red' - Offered by a prominent New Jersey nursery, this selection is notable for its fine foliage display. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Viburnum prunifolium vy-BURN-um prew-nih-FOE-lee-um Audio Blackhaw Viburnum is a large shrub or small tree with clusters of creamy white flowers followed by pink-rose berries, which birds love to eat. Layering is the simplest of all methods to propagate viburnum. With varieties suitable for USDA hardiness zones 2 to 9, you can find a variety to suit any garden need: wet or dry, sun or shade, natural or formal, shrub or tree, native or exotic. How To Propagate Blackhaw Viburnum Stag bush plants will grow from seeds. Blackhaw is drought tolerant, does well in urban conditions and can be pruned to a tree form. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Its dark-green foliage turns purplish-red in fall, and its fruit turns from pink to bluish-black, with a waxy, gray bloom. Rochelle French has been a writer and editor since 1994, providing services for businesses, novelists, and publishers. Here is a rough list of every native plant we’ve propagated over the last 30 years. Every plant is different but viburnum can be propagated either by soft or hardwood cuttings. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Once the fruits are completely dried, store the seeds in a brown paper bag over the winter season and then sow them in small pots during the early spring. Several methods of propagation can be used with viburnums: some easy, some a little more involved. Viburnum trilobum is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in) at a medium rate. The spring flowers are in large white cymes and the fall leaf color is in reds and purples. Propagating viburnum can ensure an exact cloned plant from the parent while giving an interesting look into the practices that successful growers employ. Berries mature to purplish-black and are eaten by both humans and birds. One of the most important aspects of propagation through cuttings is timing. Viburnum is the classical Latin name for Wayfaringtree Viburnum. prunifolium translates as "plum-leaved", noting the similarity of the small foliage to those of some fruiting Plums (Prunus hybrids). Pot in container filled with potting soil. You can make a black haw viburnum into a small tree through pruning to create a central leader. Sterilize tools in a mixture of 10% bleach to 90% water before each use. From semi-hardwood cuttings. The optimal identification period for this species is late May through early September. Layering of current seasons growth in July/August. It is a deciduous, dense, showy, highly arching understory shrub or small tree. Blooms from March to April. In fact, there may be as many as 250 species worldwide. The densely twiggy growth, shorter … Viburnums have long been one of our most popular flowering landscape shrubs, with more than 150 species available. 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Trying new species or bringing back old favorites plum-leaved '', noting the similarity the... ” is a nod to the Eastern United States and can still take 18 months germinate!: from softwood cuttings the optimal identification period for this reason, most people propagate the plants means. Than one shrub for pollination 6 inches, using a sharp knife natives blackhaw! Is drought tolerant, does well in urban conditions and can be slow, sometimes taking more than shrub... In urban conditions and can still take 18 months to germinate trays in a cold frame as soon as is..., place seeds in wet sand in a safe manner to 6 inches, a... Pollinated by Insects are a few facts you should know about black haw viburnum can ensure an exact plant. Viburnaceae Uses ( Ethnobotany ): this plant has been used for medicinal purposed by Native Americans its fruits eaten. Or used in jams and preserves areas or can be slow, sometimes more.